We are all aware of the fact that there were no 3D effects 150 years ago. Well, maybe that’s just a theory, because they actually had something alike 3D that they called stereo photography. It was pretty popular during the Civil War in 1861. Here you can see a selection of Civil War photographs that have some kind of 3D effect.
They were all released by The Library of Congress recently. They basically used two 2D images and “melted” them together, so it would look three-dimensional.
The method they used was some sort of digitally converting that made the two images into an anaglyphs, that can be viewed with 3D glasses.
The library has its own Flickr page and website where you can find thousands of photos. Looking at the 3D photos without glasses can be a bit disturbing.
Photoshop didn’t either exist back in the days, but here are some amazing photo montages that are done without it.
Robert Capa, also known as Endre Ernõ Friedmann, was a Hungarian war photographer and journalist that managed to capture the most powerful scenes of wars in photographs. He covered five wars including the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War. He also captured some World War II scenes. Below you can see black and white photos of exiled Republicans marching on a beach in France, a man carrying a wounded child, crowd listening to political speeches, both young and old soldiers, etc.
Robert Capa later founded Magnum Photos that became the first cooperative agency for worldwide freelance photographers. Other spectacular yet sad black and white war photographs are these photos of the ruined Berlin after WWII.